Sump Pumps and basements
The job of a sump pump is to keep a home basement from flooding. Usually,
a home basement has a sump pit where water that seeps in from the ground is collected. When this sump pit becomes
full the water needs to be removed. A sump pump is used to remove this accumulated water from the sump pit
before flooding can occur.
Most notable sump pump historians worth their salt believe this fine invention was first used in the New
England and Great Lake regions to resolve basement flooding problems. Today, sump pumps are commonly installed
especially in newly built homes that include a basement. The flood protection provided can often result in lowering
homeowner insurance rates where flood insurance is required by lenders.
Sump pumps are commonly installed in homes where the floor is below ground level which makes it possible for
water to seep in through the walls of the basement. The sump pump needs to be able to move this water into the
municipal sewer treatment system lines for proper treatment and disposal.
There are two kinds of sump pump - namely the pedestal and submersible. The difference between these two types
may not be obvious by name. The motor of a pedestal sump pump is always placed above the sump pit for easy
management. This type of pump is also more visible, and depending on the use of the basement may be of some
In the other hand, the submersible sump pump is entirely placed inside the pit. It is sealed so that fire
causing electrical short circuits are not a problem.
Todays, sump pumps components are standardized making replacement and retrofitting a simpler undertaking. A sump
pump usually consists of a plastic or metal cylinder that is two feet by three feet deep and can carry about
fifteen to twenty-five gallons of water. In addition, a set of delivery pipes are needed to handle the output of
water to disposal system.
Another requirement of every sump pump system is what's known as a check valve or regulator. This device allows
water to flow up and out through the pipes without siphoning back into the area of removal. A sump cover is also
advised to keep pests like children from interfering with, or otherwise causing fouling and damage to the pump
Powering one of these pumps is done primarily through the normal household current. But during conditions where
the pump is needed the most, household electrical current may not be available. At the rate of one-third to
one-half horsepower, a sump pump can be powered by a normal lead acid automotive battery during emergency
situations. Sine a sump pump motor does not require the high amperage levels of an automotive starter, a deep cycle
battery might be more appropriate to your application.
Like anything else, a regular maintenance schedule will keep your sump pump in good, dependable working order
for many years. A maintenance schedule of every four to five years is sufficient and not a great burden. As a part
of the maintenance schedule, dirt, sand and dust should be cleaned out. Failure to do this could shorten the life
of the pump or the check valve / regulator. A failure in any one of these components could mean flooding of a
basement or any underground room.
Cleaning up the sump pump takes only a few easy steps. First of all, make sure that the sump pump is unplugged.
With the help of a screwdriver, remove the pipe below the regulator or check valve and then remove the sump pump
out of the pit. Remove the top of the check valve and wash it with water to remove dirt. Using a scoop, take out
the dirt from the bottom of the sump and throw it in a garbage bag. Reconnect the check valve and pipes.
Lastly, run a test by filling the sump with water using a hose.
That's all there is to it!
common typos: punp pupm sunp usmp